June 10, 2018

Turiya in Māṇḍūkya Upanisad

nāntaḥ-prajñam, na bahiṣ prajñam, nobhayataḥ-prajñam na prajnañā-ghanam, na prajñam, nāprajñam; adṛṣtam, avyavahārayam, agrāhyam, alakṣaṇam, acintyam, avyapadeśyam, ekātma-pratyaya-sāram, prapañcopaśamam, śāntam, śivam, advaitam, caturtham manyante, sa ātmā, sa vijñeyaḥ. - Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad. One of the standard ways in which Upanishads speak of the supreme reality is by means of telling us what it is not. For example in the above verse on Turiya, starts with nāntaḥ-prajñam (not inwardly cognitive), referring to the state of dreams equivalent to the condition of the subtle body. The powers of the mind that we use for functioning like seeing, hearing, speaking are in the realm of…
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